MAY 22, 1899
President Emilio Aguinaldo created a commission to negotiate an armistice with the Americans after the Philippine Army suffered several losses in different battlefields and the unrelenting offensives of the U.S. forces. He appointed Gen. Gregorio del Pilar to head the panel that conferred with the Shurman Commission headed by Jacob Shurman from May 22 to 23. The talks however failed with the U.S. insistence that American sovereignty was non-negotiable. Eventually, the Philippine-American War ended in 1902 with Filipino leaders embracing America.