Thursday, May 29, 2014

Today in Philippine History: Gen. Elwell S. Otis Re-establishes the Audiencia Territorial

MAY 29, 1899
Major General Elwell S. Otis, the military governor of the Philippines re-established the Audiencia Territorial de Manila  (Regional Court of Manila), the highest court in the country next to the Supreme Court of Spain in Madrid prior to the U.S. occupation. This move was made after he consulted with Cayetano Arellano, a pro-American lawyer who held a high position in Emilio Aguinaldo’s cabinet. On August 13, 1898 after the fall of Manila, Gen. Wesley Merritt replaced the Audiencia Territorial with military commissions or court martials or provost courts.

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