APRIL 23, 1898
Spain declared war on the United States. Earlier, although faced with revolutions in the Philippines and Cuba, Spain tried to mend the rift with the United States. She wanted to avoid a war with a nation having modern technology and weaponry even if the U.S. was meddling in the Cuban war of independence. However, the blowing up of the U.S. warship Maine in Havana harbor killing 260 officers and crewmen changed everything. American officials considered it an act of treason and a reason to declare war even without proof of Spain’s involvement.